Maine Coon Cat

Aku memang minat sangat dengan kucing terutama jenis maine coon sebab muka dia tak penyek,
hehehe. Satu lagi jenis maine coon ni memang besar dan seronok betul peluk-2 dia, kucing aku
ni walau pun mix maine coon je tapi badan dan tapak kaki dia memang besar, ikut bapak dia.
Nanti kalau dah ada duit berlebih memang nak beli gak yang pure breed maine coon yang ada
Ni ada sedikit info yang aku ambil dari http://tica.org/public/breeds/mc/intro.php

General Description
America's native longhair, Maine Coons were well established over a century ago as a hardy, handsome breed of domestic cat, well equipped to survive the hostile New England winters. Breeders have sought to preserve the Maine Coon's "natural," rugged qualities. Maine Coon owners enjoy the breed's characteristic clown-like personality, affectionate nature, amusing habits and tricks and willingness to 'help' with any activity. They make excellent companions for large, active families that also enjoy having dogs and other animals. For owners wishing to show, the Maine Coon has reclaimed its original glory in the show ring.
One of the oldest natural breeds in North America, the Maine Coon is generally regarded as a native of the state of Maine (in fact, the Maine Coon is the official Maine State Cat). A number of attractive legends surround its origin. A wide-spread (though biologically impossible) belief is that it originated from matings between semi-wild, domestic cats and raccoons. This myth, bolstered by the bushy tail and the most common coloring (a raccoon-like brown tabby) led to the adoption of the name 'Maine Coon. Another popular theory is that the Maine sprang from the six pet cats which Marie Antoinette sent to Wiscasset, Maine when she was planning to escape from France during the French Revolution. Most breeders today believe that the breed originated in matings between pre-existing shorthaired domestic cats and overseas longhairs (perhaps Angora types introduced by New England seamen, or longhairs brought to America by the Vikings).
First recorded in cat literature in 1861 with a mention of a black and white cat named 'Captain Jenks of the Horse Marines,' Maine Coons were popular competitors at early cat shows in Boston and New York. A brown tabby female named 'Cosie' won Best Cat at the 1895 Madison Square Garden Show.
While Maine Coons are highly people-oriented cats, they are not overly-dependent. They do not constantly pester you for attention, but prefer to "hang out" with their owners, investigating whatever activity you're involved in and "helping" when they can. Most are not lap cats but Maine Coons will stay close by you, follow you from room to room and wait outside a closed door for you to emerge. A Maine Coon will be your companion, your buddy, your pal, but rarely your baby.
Maine Coons are relaxed and easy-going in just about everything they do. They generally get along well with kids and dogs, as well as other cats. They are not as vertically-oriented as some other breeds, preferring to chase objects on the ground. Many Maine Coons will play "fetch" with their owners. Maine Coons develop slowly, and don't achieve their full size until they are three to five years old. Their dispositions remain kittenish throughout their lives; they are big, gentle, good-natured goofs. Maine Coons rarely meow, instead most have a soft chirp or trill in a tiny voice doesn't fit their size!
The important features of the Maine Coon are the head and body shape, and the texture and 'shag' of the coat. Maine Coons evolved by adapting to a harsh Northeast climate. Its semi-longhair glossy coat is heavy and water-resistant, longer on the ruff, stomach and britches and shorter on the back and neck. The coat falls smoothly, and is almost maintenance-free: a weekly combing is all that is usually required to keep it in top condition. Maine Coons have very long, bushy tails.
One of their most distinctive features is their eyes, which are large, oval to nearly round, expressive, and set at a slightly oblique angle.
Maine Coons are seen in nearly all traditional colors and patterns. The most common color and pattern is the brown classic or mackerel tabby but Maine Coons are also seen in solid pattern (white, black, blue and red), tortoiseshell pattern (black, blue), tabby pattern (classic or mackerel - brown, blue, red, cream), silver pattern (black-silver, blue-silver, red-silver, cream-silver). All colors (save white) and all patterns may have white markings (known as particolor). Eye color ranges from gold to green. Blue and odd-eyes are permissible in whites and/or particolors.
Maine Coons male cats, at maturity, can average 13-18 lbs. Maine Coon female cats average 9-13 lbs. Overall, the Maine Coon should appear as a large, natural yet uncommonly attractive cat.


Budgerigar Atau Budgie

Sedikit info tentang burung budgie, buat masa sekarang aku pun cuma ada 3 ekor je dan baru 4-5 bulan cuba membela burung ni, ada sky blue, colbat dan albino. Ni ada sedikit info pasal budgie yang aku ambik dari wikipedia, bleh la usha-usha yer.

Info Taken From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Budgerigar%20

Apa Itu Budgie?

The Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus), (parakeet, shell parakeet, budgerigah, budgie, or common pet parakeet in US English) is a small parrot and the only species in the Australian genus Melopsittacus. A small long-tailed predominantly green and yellow bird with black scalloped markings on the wings and shoulders in the wild, the Budgerigar has been bred extensively with a profusion of colour forms resulting. Thus, aviary birds may be blue and white, all yellow, all white, or various other combinations thereof. Some have even been bred with small crests. In the wild, it is a predominantly seed-eating species. The budgerigar is found throughout the drier parts of Australia and has survived for the last five million years in the harsh inland conditions of that continent.

Diet Untuk Budgie

Pet budgerigars eating fruit. Although budgerigars in their natural-habitats of Australia eat mainly grass seeds, captive budgerigars feed on either dry, sprouted and/or soaked seeds. A diet of only dry seeds is inadequate for budgerigars and/or any parrot species' optimum health. Avian veterinarians recommend pet birds' diets be supplemented with foods such as:
  • Whole Cereals and whole Grains : Amaranth, Barley, Couscous, Flax, whole-grain Pastas, Oat, Quinoa (truly a Fruit but used as a Cereal), whole-Wheat, Wild-Rice, whole Rices.
  • Edible Blossoms and Flowers: Carnations, Chamomille, Chives, Dandelion, Day Lilies, Eucalyptus, Fruit tree's blossoms, Herbs' blossoms, Hibiscus, Honeysuckle, Impatiens, Lilac, Nasturiums, Pansies, Passion Flower (Passiflora), Roses, Sunflowers, Tulips, Violets. Note that the leaves of some of these plants are poisonous to budgies.
  • Greens and/or Weeds:
    • mainly ; Bok-Choi, Broccoli and/or Cauliflower leaves, Cabbage leaves, Collard greens, Dandelion leaves, Kelp, Mustard leaves, Seaweeds, Spirulina, Water cress.
    • occasionally and sporadically ; Amaranth leaves, Beet leaves, Carambola (Starfruit), Chards, Parsley, Spinach and Turnip leaves. All of these feature high Oxalic-Acid contents that induces production of Calcium Oxalates (crystals/stones) by binding Calcium and other trace Minerals present in foods and goods with which they're ingested. Possibly, leading to Calcium deficiencies and/or Hypocalcemia in minor cases. Liver's &/or other internal organs' damage or failure in more severe cases.

  • Fruit (except Avocados which are toxic): all Apple varieties, Banana, all Berries varieties, all Citrus varieties, Grapes, Kiwi, Mango, Melons, Nectarine, Papaya, Peach, all Pear varieties, Plum, Star-fruit. Pits and seeds from every Citrus and Drupe species must always be discarded as they are intoxicating. However, achenes and tiny seeds from pseudo and true Berries (Bananas, Blueberries, Elderberries, Eggplants, Persimmons, Pomegranates, Raspberries, Strawberries, Tomatoes) are all okay.
  • Legumes: Almonds, Beans, Lentils, Peas, Nuts and Tofu.
  • Grain and/or Legume sprouts: Adzuki beans, Alfalfa beans, Buckwheat, Lentils, Mungo beans, Pinto beans, Red Kidney beans, Sesame seeds, Sunflower seeds. Caution with only Lima and Navy beans' sprouts which are toxic.
  • Vegetables (except Uncooked Potatoes, Uncooked Onions and all Mushrooms): Beet, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Carrots, Cucumber, all Cabbage varieties, fresh Beans, fresh Romane Lettuce, fresh Peas, Parsnip, all Pepper varieties, all Squash varieties, Sweet potatoes, Tomato, Turnip, Yams, Zucchini.
  • Pellets specifically formulated for budgerigars, for Australian grass budgerigars and/or for small parrots are all healthy additions.
  • Other fat-free, healthy and nutritious human foods.
Adding these foods provides additional nutrients and can prevent obesity and lipomas, as can substituting millet, which is relatively low in fat, for higher-fat seed mixes. Adult budgerigars often do not always adapt readily to dietary additions, so care must be taken to introduce healthy diets as young as possible (ideally weaned onto fresh foods before introducing chicks onto seeds). Parrots and budgerigars learn mainly by mimicry and thus most adult budgerigars will be easily encouraged to try new foods by observing another bird eating the food, or by placing the new food on a mirror.
Parrot species (including budgerigars) are herbivores. Consequently, they should be fed plant-based diets that are ideally supplemented with vegetable proteins, for example, produced by a combination of any type of whole grain with any type of legume. Eggs (hard-boiled and/or scrambled) are the only appropriately healthy source of animal protein, mostly for birds in either breeding, growing, moulting and/or recovering conditions. High levels of proteins (particularly animal proteins) are unhealthy for budgerigars and other Grass Parakeet species living under any alternate conditions (i.e. non-breeding, pets).
Alcohol, avocado, chocolate, caffeine, products containing lactose, garlic and onions present a danger of toxicosis and should not be fed.
The wild budgerigar has evolved alongside the Eucalyptus tree and over a million years has developed an intimate bond with the tree and its leaves. Wet eucalyptus leaves excite and invigorate both the wild and captive budgerigar. They love to bathe in the wet leaves and breeding females destructively chew the bark. The eucalyptus oil from the leaves has medicinal properties that stimulate the immune system and promote a strong natural resistance to disease.

Macam Mana Nak Kenalpasti Jantina Budgie?

Cara paling mudah adalah kenalpasti warna 'cere'. 'Cere' berasal dari perkataan latin dan selain dari burung dari keluarga parrot, burung seperti helang dan merpati juga mempunyai 'cere'. Ini adalah contoh yang saya ambil dari laman web bagi memudahkan kawan-2 semua terutama mengenal pasti cere pada albino atau lutino.

Male budgies, as adults have bright blue ceres, or even a vibrant purple cere. As young chicks, they normally have pink ceres. In some mutations, such as pieds, lutinos, and albinos, the males normally retain a pink cere, but it is not completely unknown for some to have a tan cere (rare, but it has happened... It's also rare for one a lutino or albino to have a blue cere, but it has happened!). Here are a few photos of male budgies!

Female budgies, as adults, will have a crusty brown cere when in breeding condition, and a white cere with blue tints when out of breeding condition. Young females have white ceres with varient amount of blue in them, and possibly even tan or brown coloring. This is true for ALL mutations (even pieds, lutinos, and albinos). Here are some photos!

Basic Diet For Rabbit

Info Ini Telah Di Ambil Dari arnabkiut.blogspot.com Atas Kebenaran Mr. Iceburn

Diet Asas Arnab
  • Air yang bersih.
  • Pallet yang segar dan baik.
  • Jerami (Hay).
  • Sayuran (pilihan/ sila rujuk di bawah)
  • Kudapan (pilihan/ sila rujuk di bawah)
Perhatian: Segala perubahan diet keatas arnab haruslah dibuat secara beransur-ansur untuk mengelakkan gangguan masalah sistem penghadaman, contohnya apabila ingin menukar jenama sesuatu pallet, campurkan pallet yang lama dengan jenama yang baru dan teruskan dengan mengurangkan jumlah pallet yang lama dan menambah jumlah pallet yang baru selama tempoh untuk satu minggu.

Bibit Arnab (sehingga umur 6 bulan)
  • Dari lahir hingga 3 minggu - susu ibu.
  • Selepas 3 minggu - susu ibu, perkenalkan Jerami alfalfa dan pallet secara beransur-ansur(kandungan kalsium yang tinggi didalam Jerami alfalfa membantu dalam tumbesaran tulang)
  • Selepas 4 minggu - susu ibu, tiada had pemberian Jerami alfalfa dan pallet.
  • 8 minggu hingga 6 bulan - tiada had pemberian Jerami alfalfa dan pallet.
  • 12 minggu dan ke atas - perkenalkan sayuran, pantau perkembangan arnab anda, pemberian dimulakan dengan satu jenis sayuran/tumbuhan hijau pada satu-satu masa. Jika terdapat perubahan di atas najis(menjadi lembik/cair) berhenti beri atau cuba beri sayuran yg berlainan jenis)

Remaja Arnab (6 bulan hingga 1 tahun)
  • Perkenalkan Jerami timothy atau Jerami yang lain (oat, 'brome', orchard, napier, decumbens, guetamala)
  • Kurangkan pemberian Jerami alfalfa, sehingga pemberian total kepada Jerami timothy. Jerami alfalfa mengandungi kandungan kalsium dan protin yang tinggi, tetapi kurang kandungan fiber, tidak sesuai untuk arnab meningkat dewasa, kecuali arnab anda kurang berat badan, sedang sembuh dari pembedahan, bunting atau menyusukan anak)
  • Kurangkan pemberian pallet dari 1/8 cawan ke 1/4 cawan bagi 2.3kg/5lbs berat badan (1 cawan = 250ml)
  • Sayuran/Tumbuhan Hijau.(pilihan)
  • Kudapan.(pilihan)

Arnab Dewasa Matang. (1 tahun hingga 6 tahun)
  • Tiada had pemberian jerami.
  • 1/8 ke 1/4 cawan pallet bagi setiap 2.3kg berat badan
  • Sayuran/Tumbuhan Hijau.(pilihan)
  • Kudapan.(pilihan)

Arnab Otai (selepas 6 tahun)
  • Teruskan diet arnab dewasa matang jika arnab anda tidak mempunyai masalah penurunan berat badan.
  • Tingkatkan kadar pemberian pallet jika masalah tersebut berlaku.
  • Jerami alfalfa boleh diberi kepada arnab yang mengalami penurunan berat badan, tetapi dengan hanya jika kadar kalsium adalah normal.

Jerami (Hay)
  • Jerami adalah komponen penting didalam diet seseekor arnab. Seharusnya jerami perlu ada selalu untuk arnab, seboleh-bolehnya 24/7.
  • Jerami membekal serat/bahan kasar untuk membantu sistem penghadaman untuk berfungsi dengan baik dan berkesan dari menghalang rintangan/masalah usus.
  • Gigi arnab tidak berhenti pertumbuhannya. Mengunyah jerami dapat membantu gigi tumbuh ditahap kepanjangan yang sesuai dan baik.
  • Variasi dan kepelbagaian jenis jerami memberikan kepelbagaian pergerakan mengunyah. Untuk itu, jika boleh, beri arnab anda variasi jerami untuk tumbesaran gigi yang sempurna.

  • Pallet yang baik mestilah mengandungi kandungan protin yang rendah(14%-16%), tinggi kandungan serat(min: 20%), lemat dan kalsium seharusnya lebih kurang dalam lingkungan 1%.
  • Elakkan pallet yang mengandungi kekacang, biji benih/bijirin didalam kandungannya, ini membuatkan arnab anda montel. Kandungan lemak yang tinggi.

Sayuran dan Kudapan

Jika anda memilih untuk memasukkan sayuran didalam diet arnab anda, perkenalkan/beri satu jenis sayur untuk sesuatu masa. Mulakan dengan jumlah yang sedikit dahulu dan pantau bentuk/rupa najis arnab anda. Jika najis tersebut berbentuk sempurna dan bulat seperti selalu, anda boleh secara beransur-ansur meningkatkan jumlah pemberian sayuran. Jika najis arnab itu berubah rupa, menjadi lembik/cair, berhenti beri sayuran tersebut serta-merta, cuba beri sayuran dari jenis lain hanya selepas najis arnab anda kembali normal.

Perhatian: Bertentangan dengan pendapat popular umum, lobak merah seharusnya tidak boleh dijadikan sebahagian besar kandungan diet arnab anda. Lobak merah mengandungi kandungan gula yang tinggi dan seharusnya cuma diberi sebagai kudapan/sampingan sahaja. Jadi jangan terpengaruh dengan kartun untuk memberi seratus-peratus arnab anda lobak merah, takkan boleh tukar jadi bugs bunny punya la~

Buah-buahan adalah kudapan yang paling sihat. Kudapan haruslah diberi dalam jumlah yang kecil dan minima, tidak lebih dari 1-2 sudu teh/sehari (sepotong sekali seminggu). JANGAN beri kudapan yang terlalu tinggi protin, karbohidrat dan lemak seperti biskut, sirial(koko crunch, cornflake dll), roti dan gandum seperti cikedis dan pasta. Coklat amat berbahaya dan beracun kepada arnab.

Seperti diketahui, jerami alfalfa amat digemari oleh arnab, boleh diberi sebagai kudapan sekali-sekala untuk arnab-arnab otai dan tua... eheheheh
okie~ itu sahaja... bye~!